Industries around the world are now facing substantial
challenges due to recent environmental, societal, economic
and technological developments regarding disruptive concepts
of Internet of Things, Cyber Physical Systems or Cloud based
Manufacturing, which lead to the fourth stage of industrial
revolution. Increased digitization which waves out traditional and
conventional production concepts including mass production,
batch production, continuous process flow and project is the
need of the hour. The first industrial revolution utilised water
and steam power for mechanizing production. During second
industrial revolution, application of power was more with the
objective to obtain mass production. During third industrial
revolution, industrial automation was introduced, which involved
vast application of Electronics and Information Technology.
The fourth industrial revolution, termed as Industry 4.0 is
empowered by wide range of digital technology not only in digital
realm, which involves artificial intelligence, machine learning,
advanced robotics and new formation of automation, but also in
physical realm including new materials like graphene, genetic
advances as well as biological realm which involves sensors,
Internet of Things, Block Chain and Distributed Ledgers, 3D
Printing, autonomous vehicles like drones, so on and so forth.
Thus Industry 4.0 is focussed on creating intelligent products,
processes and procedures that leads to ubiquitous connectivity
of people, things and machines. The vision of Industry 4.0
is likely to be adopted worldwide and it might influence
other initiatives and cooperative efforts. In general, there
are nine key technological components that progressively
make up the foundation of Industry 4.0: Autonomous robots,
big data, augmented reality (AR), additive manufacturing,
cloud computing, cyber security, IoT, system integration, and
On a digital platform, Industry 4.0 is applied with three mutually
interconnected factors, namely
v Digitization and integration of any simple to complex technical
– commercial relation,
v Digitization of products and service offers and
v New market models
All these human activities are interconnected through Stateof-the-Art
communication system, which include Internet of
Things, Internet of Services and Internet of People.
There are three principal approaches in Industrial 4.0 concept,
namely horizontal integration, vertical integration and integrated
digital engineering. Horizontal integration refers to integration of
different information systems, applied principally for production
planning and process control. Vertical integration refers to
integration of information at different hierarchical levels, which
allows preventive actions to avoid any defect. Integrated digital
engineering enables the collection and exchange of production
data throughout the entire chain involved in product development
and leads to reduction of large amount of production data
accumulated throughout the life cycle.
According to India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), Government
of India has set an ambitious target of increasing the contribution
of manufacturing output to 25% of Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) by 2025, from 16% currently. IoT, being one of the
most important aspects of Industry 4.0 for India, is expected
to capture close to 20% share in global IoT market in the next
five years. According to IBEF forecast, the IoT market in India
is projected to grow at a CAGR of more than 28% during 2015-
2020. Government of India has taken initiatives such as Green
Corridors and ‘Make in India’.
The Institution of Engineers (India) being the apex body of
engineers in India is committed for holistic development of the
country and believes that Digital Transformation will usher in a
new Industrial Revolution.
Engineers’ Day is celebrated on September 15 every year in India commemorating the birthday of one of the greatest engineers in India so far and a great human being Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, popularly known as Sir MV.
Year 2018 will mark the 50th anniversary of the Engineers Day in India and 157th birth anniversary of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya. It will be celebrated on 15 September, Saturday.
Sir MV was internationally popular for his brilliance and his great achievement in harnessing water resources in India. This is also important to know that all over the world engineers’ day is celebrated on different dates. Engineers are the professionals who design, build and test the construction, raw materials and process of the project; they also consider the restrictions imposed by the regulation, feasibility, safety and cost of the project. Engineers play a very significant role in every walk of our lives. They convert the theoretical knowledge of basic sciences into actual products and thus make our lives easy. Engineers possess versatile minds and help in filling the gap between science, technology and the community. Engineers in India contribute greatly to the nation’s technological and industrial growth.
Engineers’ day is celebrated for the great works of Sir MV towards the development of various places which are the most developed cities of today’s India. Sir MV is an international hero, recognized for his mastermind in harnessing water resources; he had successfully designed and constructed several river dams, bridges and revolutionized the irrigation system in India by implementing irrigation and drinking water system all over India.
Different cities have different methods of celebrating Engineer’s Day. Engineering is a vast field with different specialization such as electrical, technical, computer, mechanical, etc and thus different departments call for celebration in different style. The celebration methods may also vary from company to company. While government companies follow the annual theme for the Engineers’ day, private companies may either follow the theme or may decide their own theme. Engineers play a great role in the advancement and economic growth of any company and thus it doesn’t matter how they celebrate the annual day, what is important that they must rejoice the annual function to keep motivated themselves and continue with the great work they do for general public.
Engineer’s Day is a significant occasion considering the fact that India produces close to 20 lakh engineers in a year. The year 2018 will mark the 50th anniversary of the Engineers Day in India. Visvesvaraya was not only known for his contributions in the field of engineering but was also called the ” precursor of economic planning in India”, according to the Institution of Engineers India (IEI). Sir Visvesvarayya was an acclaimed engineer recognized for his mastermind in harnessing water resources. He had successfully designed and constructed several river dams, bridges and revolutionized the irrigation system in India by implementing irrigation and drinking water system. Sir Visvesvarayya was born on September 15, 1861, to Srinivasa Sastry and Venkachamma at Muddenahalli village in Kolar district of Karnataka. He completed BA with distinction from Central College of Bangalore and Civil Engineering from College of Engineering, Pune, in 1881 and 1883, respectively. He began his career as an Assistant Engineer with Public Works Department (PWD) at Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1884 and was later requested to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. As a Public Works Department engineer, he accomplished several projects related to maintenance of public buildings, road construction and laying out city developments plans in several important towns.